Private sector afforestation to meet national energy needs and offset CO2 credits

Areas around Uganda’s capital Kampala have lost more than 78% of forestland since 1990. As most rural Ugandans rely on burning firewood for cooking, deforestation is occurring at an alarming rate. The country’s forest cover has dwindled from 50% to 20% since 1990. This is caused by a combination of factors – the country’s high population growth rate, inefficient agricultural practices and the widespread use of unsustainably produced biomass (charcoal or firewood) for cooking. Less than 10% of Uganda’s population has access to electricity, while the rest use biomass as their main source of energy, especially firewood and charcoal for cooking.

Therefore, DFE works with local partners and authorities to incentivize and facilitate a larger scale tree planting exercise led by the private sector. The activities focus on strengthen current and previous efforts to register and sell carbon credits from tree plantations as well as to optimize the wood production to provide by-products such as renewable biomass briquettes as an alternative to unsustainably produced biomass for cooking to biomass.

Improved technical capacity of the Ugandan forestry sector

The activities build on recent experiences in Uganda with both the carbon credit market and the establishment of 23,000 hectares of forest plantations by 160 private tree growers. It is based on the solid foundation developed over the past 10 years of introducing modern forestry practices to local tree planters and the new institutional setup in the sector.

DFE provides technical training to build capacity of both individual tree planters and local forestry organizations such as Uganda Timber Growers Association(UTGA) to improve the planting, layout, management techniques, harvest, GIS mapping etc. The project also supports the creation of a national carbon credit registration and trade facility (FOCASA) from where existing and new tree growers can register to produce Gold Standard (GS) offset carbon credits. FOCASA further function as the entry point to provide tree planters with technical knowledge to produce additional commercial forestry biomass products and engage in trade with Danish wood biomass technology companies.

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Danish Forestry Extension
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